Salud Pública de México

Dyslipidemia prevalence, awareness, treatment and control in Mexico: results of the Ensanut 2012

César Hernández-Alcaraz, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Kenny Mendoza-Herrera, Andrea Pedroza-Tobías, Salvador Villalpando, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Simón Barquera

Resumen


Objective. To describe in a national sample 1) the preva­lence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemias 2) the prevalence of dyslipidemias through previous national surveys. Materials and methods. We analyzed data of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, a represen­tative cross-sectional study. Serum samples of 9 566 adults ≥20 years old with fasting ≥8 hours were analyzed for lipid fractions. Age-adjusted prevalences were calculated, by so­ciodemographic variables. Prevalence of awareness, treatment and control was estimated. A description of the dyslipidemia prevalence reported in previous surveys is reported. Re­sults. Hypoalphalipoproteinemia and elevated LDL-C are the most prevalent dyslipidemias in Mexican adults. One in four adults had hypercholesterolemia at the moment of the interview without previous diagnosis. Awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia were 12.6, 3.7 and 3.1%, respec­tively. Conclusions. Dyslipidemias are the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in Mexico. Public poli­cies to increase awareness, access to therapy and sustained control are urgently needed.


Palabras clave


dyslipidemias; prevention and control; nutrition surveys; Mexico

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/10520

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 16 de julio de 2020. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.