Salud Pública de México

Polypharmacy is associated with multiple health-related outcomes in Mexican community-dwelling older adults

Aarón Salinas-Rodríguez, Betty Manrique-Espinoza, Ana Rivera-Almaraz, José Alberto Ávila-Funes

Resumen


Objective. To determine the association between polypharmacy and multiple health-related outcomes in older adults. Materials and methods. We carried out a cross-sectional analysis with 274 community-dwelling older adults aged ≥60 years in Mexico City. We used the following health-related outcomes: frailty, dementia, functional capacity, falls, disability, and quality of life. The main exposure was polypharmacy (chronic use of six or more drugs). Ordinal logistic regression, binary logistic regression, Poisson regression, and linear regression models were used to estimate the association between polypharmacy and the outcomes analyzed. Results. Polypharmacy was present in 45% of the sample. Polypharmacy was significantly associated with frailty status, and marginally, with dementia. We also observed significant associations for instrumental activities of daily living, falls, disability, and quality of life. Conclusions. Given that polypharmacy has reached levels of a global epidemic, it is necessary to take radical actions to reduce the concomitant problems of the use of multiple drugs.


Palabras clave


health-related outcomes; older adults; polypharmacy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/10903

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 11 de abril de 2019. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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