Salud Pública de México

Contribution of formative research to design an environmental program for obesity prevention in schools in Mexico City

Anabelle Bonvecchio, Florence L Théodore, Margarita Safdie, Tiffany Duque, María Ángeles Villanueva, Catalina Torres, Juan Rivera

Resumen


Objective. This paper describes the methods and key findings of formative research conducted to design a schoolbased program for obesity prevention. Materials and methods. Formative research was based on the ecological model and the principles of social marketing. A mixed method approach was used. Qualitative (direct observation,indepth interviews, focus group discussions and photo-voice)and quantitative (closed ended surveys, checklists, anthropometry)methods were employed. Results. Formative research key findings, including barriers by levels of the ecological model, were used for designing a program including environmental strategies to discourage the consumption of energy dense foods and sugar beverages. Conclusion. Formative research was fundamental to developing a context specific obesity prevention program in schools that seeks environment modification and behavior change.


Palabras clave


interdisciplinary research; obesity; school feeding

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/spm.v56s2.5178

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 11 de abril de 2019. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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