Salud Pública de México

Reproductive and lifestyle factors associated with early menopause in Mexican women

Paola A. Ortega-Ceballos, Carlos Morán, Julia Blanco-Muñoz, Elsa Yunes-Díaz, Maura S. Castañeda-Iñiguez, Jorge Salmerón

Resumen


bjective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between certain reproductive and lifestyle factors and the occurrence of early natural menopause. Material and Methods. A case/control study was conducted on a basal population of 2 510 women participating in the “Mexican Institute of Social Security health workers cohort study”. Cases were defined as those women for whom natural menopause presented by age 47. Information was obtained through a self-administered questionnaire. Results. The risk of early menopause is associated with short menstrual cycles [< 26 days, OR=3.79 (IC95%1.37-10.52)], a short period of oral contraceptives use [<1 year, OR=2.63 (IC 95% 1.10-6.29)], a lower number of pregnancies [<2, OR=1.63 (IC 95% 1.03-2.57)], low body mass index [≤ 27 kg/m2, OR=1.64 (IC 95% 1.10-2.43)], low schooling level [<6 years, OR=3.02 (IC 95% 1.26-7.23)], smoking history [>15 cigarettes/day, OR=2.7 (IC 95% 1.00-7.30)], and birth cohorts [≥1950, OR=4.09 (IC 95% 2.62-6.39)]. Conclusions. The findings of this study suggest that both reproductive and lifestyle factors are significant elements in the occurrence of early menopause in Mexican women


Palabras clave


early menopause, reproductive lifestyle factors

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 7 de junio de 2018. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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