Salud Pública de México

The association between ultra-processed food consumption and the nutrient profile of the Colombian diet in 2005

Diana C Parra, Maria Laura da Costa-Louzada, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi-Levy, Neha Khandpur, Gustavo Cediel, Carlos A Monteiro

Resumen


Objective. To evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed food and drink products and its association with the nutri­ent profile of the Colombian diet in 2005. Materials and methods. Food consumption based on 24-hour dietary records from 38 643 men and women was classified into four NOVA groups according to the extent and purpose of food processing. Results. Ultra-processed food and drink products represented 15.9% of the total energy daily intake, compared to 63.3% from minimally processed food, 15.8% from processed culinary ingredients, and 4.9% from processed food. Non-ultra-processed food items had a healthier nutri­tional profile compared to ultra-processed items in terms of contribution to total calories from protein, carbohydrates, total fat, saturated fat, free sugar, fiber and energy density. Conclusions. Ultra-processed food have a less healthy nutrient profile than non-ultra-processed food. An increase in the consumption of these foods must be prevented within Colombia.


Palabras clave


processed food; diet; macronutrients; classification; NOVA; Colombia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9038

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 7 de junio de 2018. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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