Salud Pública de México

Functional, nutritional and social factors associated with mobility limitations in the elderly: a systematic review

José Rodolfo Torres de Araújo, Rafael Rodolfo Tomaz de Lima, Ila Maria Ferreira-Bendassolli, Kenio Costa-de Lima

Resumen


 Objective. To systematically review the prevalence and in­cidence of mobility limitations in the elderly people and their associated factors. Materials and methods. Articles in the electronic literature were searched via PubMed, Scopus, Lilacs, SciELO, PAHO, MedCarib, Repidisca, Wholis, IBCES, PEDro, Medline and Bireme (2012-2016). The instrument STROBE was used to analyze the quality of the work and the PRISMA recommendation was used to structure the review. Results. Nine studies were included. The prevalence of mobility limitations ranged from 58.1 to 93.2% and the inci­dence ranged from 23 to 53.7%. Studies provided evidence of association of mobility limitations in the elderly popula­tion with high BMI, low 25-hydroxy vitamin D, sarcopenia, fragility, chronic pain, functional dependence, advanced age in women, low hip flexion, sedentary lifestyle, and social support difficulties. Conclusion. Mobility limitations in the elderly had high prevalence and incidence, and there was evidence of association with nutritional, functional and social factors.


Palabras clave


aged; aging; mobility limitation; risk; etiology; association

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9075

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 7 de junio de 2018. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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