Salud Pública de México

Psychopathology and self-harm among incoming first-year students in six Mexican universities

Corina Benjet, Raúl A Gutiérrez-García, Adrián Abrego-Ramírez, Guilherme Borges, Anabell Covarrubias-Díaz, Ma. Del Socorro Durán, Rogaciano González-González, Alicia E Hermosillo-de la Torre, Kalina I Martínez-Martínez, María Elena Medina-Mora, Humberto Mejía-Zarazúa, Gustavo Pérez-Tarango, María Alicia Zavala-Berbena, Philippe Mortier

Resumen


 Objective. To estimate psychopathology and self-harm behavior of incoming first-year college students, socio-demographic correlates, service use and willingness to seek treatment. Materials and methods. 4 189 male and female incoming first-year students of six universities in four different states of Mexico responded to an online survey with a 79.3% response rate. Results. Almost one in three incom­ing students has experienced some type of psychopathology; however, only one in five has received treatment. Female, students who are older, whose parents are not married or deceased, and who have a non-heterosexual orientation, no religion or a non-Catholic/Christian religion have greater odds (1.18 - 1.99), whereas those who attend a private university and have a parent with some college education have lower odds (0.68 - 0.75) of experiencing any probable disorder. Conclusions. Substantial unmet need for mental health services combined with reported willingness to use university services suggests an opportunity for the detection, referral, and treatment of incoming students to promote a successful transition.


Palabras clave


mental disorders; suicide; substance-related dis¬orders; students; Mexico

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21149/9158

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Salud Pública de México es una publicación periódica electrónica, bimestral, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública (con domicilio en Avenida Universidad núm. 655, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329-3000, página web, www.insp.mx), con ISSN: 1606-7916 y Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo con número: 04-2012-071614550600-203, ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor. Editor responsable: Carlos Oropeza Abúndez. Responsable de la versión electrónica: Subdirección de Comunicación Científica y Publicaciones, Avenida Universidad núm. 655, planta baja, col. Santa María Ahuacatitlán, Cuernavaca, Morelos, C.P. 62100, teléfono 329 3000. Fecha de última modificación: 7 de junio de 2018. D.R. © por el sitio: Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública.

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